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|제목||[KRIHS SPECIAL REPORT 38] Urban Shrinkage in Korea and Related Policy Tasks|
|보고서번호||Special Report 38||발행일||20171231|
In many shrinking cities around the world, population loss has resulted in a shortage of tax revenue, while financial conditions have been exacerbated by the costs of maintaining oversupplies of housing and infrastructure. Having entered a situation of severe population decline, Korea’s provincial cities are not free from the shrinkage phenomenon. The purpose of this was to attempt an empirical analysis of shrinkage status and mechanisms for Korean cities, using the resulting findings to identify policy takes for future pursuit by shrinking cities.
The 20 shrinking cities selected for this study exhibit an aging trend and increase in the percentage of senior citizens living alone, increased multi-family housing vacancy rates, urban sprawl into peripheral regions, deficit spending on public facility management, and the collapse of communities in neighborhoods threatened with extinction. Urban shrinkage in Korea was also found to be the result of a complex range of factors, including job loss, low fertility, and suburbanization/sprawl. Through their mutual influences, these factors were found to result in deteriorating financial conditions.
Based on these analysis findings, the study suggests three policy approaches to escape the vicious cycle of urban shrinkage: right-sizing, service efficiency, and neighborhood stabilization. The most crucial step toward achieving these is acknowledgement of the shrinkage phenomenon. Based on this understanding, consideration must be given to identifying ways of improving quality of life for remaining residents rather than to reckless efforts to increase city size.