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제목 [KRIHS SPECIAL REPORT 43] RESEARCH ON PROPOSING OPEN SOURCE GEOSPATIAL POLICY IN ORDER TO IMPROVE GLOBAL GEOSPATIAL COMPETITIVENESS
연구진 Hae-kyong Kang 
보고서번호 Special Report 43 발행일 20181230
페이지수 36 과제구분
첨부파일 파일첨부
[KRIHS SPECIAL REPORT 43] RESEARCH ON PROPOSING OPEN SOURCE GEOSPATIAL POLICY IN ORDER TO IMPROVE GLOBAL GEOSPATIAL COMPETITIVENESS표지
[초록] In the era of the 4th Industrial Revolution which is characterized by ‘participation’ and ‘sharing’ more than ever, open source is gaining greater importance in the technology industry. Open source technologies available to users for free, accelerates the development of new technologies based on it in a short period of time, so it is drawing greater attention as a solution to help small and medium-sized companies lacking source technologies narrow a technology gap with global market leading companies. This study proposes open source geospatial policies for the purpose of innovating the national geospatial policy of Korea so as to cope with the changing environment relating to open source. Research findings on relevant policies and companies show that open source markets are growing fast at home and abroad, but Korea is lagging behind on both the government’s policies and businesses’ efforts to keep up with them. In surveys and interview conducted on companies in geospatial software industry, 91.2% of them called for government support on open source geospatial policy, however it had not been provided any government policies related to open source for geospatial in reality. More than 77% of the companies which developed geospatial software including SI had not taken a open source license compliance test and hence it could be resulted in a potential risk for them, such as legal disputes associated with non-compliance with licenses. Moreover, it was a low level that contribution from Korean geospatial society in technology development activities going on in the global open source communities such as OSGeo. The global open source market is expected to grow by 15.2% per year according to a forecast of National IT Industry Promotion Agency (NIPA ) of Korea. Countries such as the European Union, the US , Chile and Mongolia are encouraging open source geospatial policy with various reasons, for instance, to reduce costs and to make strengthen their national technology competitiveness. Open source geospatial policy should be introduced also to Korea so that Korean companies can cut technology dependence on foreign companies and acquire core manpower on technology. In particular, this study proposes four action policies in order to enable domestic geospatial companies with low overseas presence to promote their global recognition and lead into development of high quality open source technologies armed with strong market competitiveness.

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