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제목 [KRIHS SPECIAL REPORT 29] Cases Of Land-Based Financial Instruments In Korea
연구진 KRIHS GDPC 
보고서번호 Special Report29 발행일 20160705
페이지수 74 과제구분 기타
첨부파일 파일첨부0000080041.pdf
[KRIHS SPECIAL REPORT 29] Cases Of Land-Based Financial Instruments In Korea표지
[초록] The most ideal model of land development would be to reinvest gains from land
development in land development. Such land-based financing could be applied in
a different way in each country, as land incorporates a country’s historical, social,
economic and cultural contexts. Generally speaking, however, land-based financing can
be categorized into tax-based, fee-based, and incentive/collaborative-based instruments.
First, a tax-based instrument includes capital tax, property possession tax and special
assessments. Second, the examples of a fee-based instrument are community
infrastructure levies, impact fees and development charges. Third, the examples of an
incentive/collaborative-based instrument are land readjustment, business improvement
district, transit-oriented development with land value sharing between the public and
private sector.
This study takes a look at development charges, .. which falls under a fee-based
instrument .., as well as the pre-negotiation system, a type of the public-private
partnership, which falls under an incentive/collaborative-based instrument. In the
1960s and 1970s when both public and private sector lacked funds, Korea resorted to
land readjustment, which enables self-financing for land development. However, land
readjustment had yet to address problems of sitting on the issue of the privatization
of development gains and limited capacity to provide large scale urban land in a short
period of time. In order to tackle these problems, in the 1980s and 1990s, the public
sector whose financing capacity improved provided urban land en masse based on
publicly managed development. From the late 1990s, with the advancement of private
financing and neo-liberalism, land development method began to switch from the
government’s direct intervention to its indirect intervention. In these circumstances,
Korea embarked on development charges in 1992 and the pre-negotiation system in
2009...


[목차] Contents
Part 1. The Development Gains Recapturing System of Korea:
Focusing on Development Charges
Chapter 1. Introduction 09
Chapter II. The Development Gains Recapturing System
1. The Concept of Development Gains 11
2. Background for the Introduction of the Development Gains 11
Recapturing System
3. The Composition of the Development Gains Recapturing System 12
4. The Desired Effects of the Development Gains Recapturing System 16
Chapter III. Main Features of the Development Charges System
1. Development Projects Subject to Development Charges 17
2. Development Projects Subject to Exemption or Reduction of 18
Development Charges
3. The Scale of Development Projects Targeted by Development Charges 20
4. Obligors of Development Charges 20
5. Calculation and Rates of Development Charges 21
Chapter IV. An Example for Calculation of Development Charges 24
Chapter V. The Actual Operation of the Development Gains
Recapturing System
1. Records of Imposition and Collection of Development Charges 26
2. Management of Development Charges 28
Chapter VI. Conclusions and Implications 30
References 32

Part II. The Pre-Negotiation System for Changing
Urban Planning to Share and Utilize Development Gains
Chapter 1. Overview of the Pre-Negotiation System
1. What is the Pre-Negotiation System for Changing Urban Planning? 37
2. Legal Basis 38
3. The Operational System 40
4. The Negotiation Procedure 41
Chapter II. The Operational Cases of the Pre-Negotiation System
1. The Promotion Process 44
2. Main Sites for Negotiation 47
Chapter III. The Key Characteristics of the Pre-Negotiation System
1. Flexible Urban Planning and Urban Regeneration 59
2. Reasonable Public Contribution based on Balanced Negotiation 61
3. Establishment of Cooperative Urban Planning Procedure 63
Chapter IV. The Implications of the Pre-Negotiation System
1. Public Aspect 66
2. Private Aspect 68
3. Social Aspect 69
References 70